Show Notes

Episode 010 - The Rut

The Rut - the breeding season for seasonal breeding mammals


Breeding at one time of year ensures offspring are born at the best time of year for survival


The Rut takes place regardless of any and all other factors but daytime activity can still be influenced

      by weather, hunting pressure, ect.


Game animals that experience the rut AND are hunted based on rutting activity include:

 Moose

 Elk

 Antelope

 Mule Deer

 Whitetail Deer


Rut Vocabulary

Estrous - seasonal breeding mammal females are receptive to breeding (in-heat)

Pre Rut - rutting behavior leading up to the rut

Rubs - males rubbing their antlers on trees; used as a territory signpost and to build up

muscles for future fights

Scrapes - males scrape the ground with hooves; used as a territory marker and a

general communication device

Wallows - larger scrape like area where males roll their entire body to deposit scent

Seeking - males looking for estrous females

Chasing - males following a female close to estrous

Fighting - males battling for breeding opportunities

Harem - group of females gathered together for breeding purposes by a male

Lock Down - males occupied with females and less movement is occuring

Secondary Rut - later rut occuring when female fawns grow enough to enter estrous


Whitetail Deer

November in the north, January in the south

Rubs, Scrapes

Seeking, Chasing, Fighting

No Harem so Lockdown is possible

Hunting Pre Rut - waiting at scrapes, rubs

Hunting Rut - getting close to does


Mule Deer

Late November to Mid December

Rubs, Scrapes

Seeking, Chasing, Fighting

No Harem (may look like it) so Lockdown is possible

Hunting Pre Rut - find bucks moving

Hunting Rut - find does


Antelope

Mid September

Scrape

Seeking, Chasing, Fighting

Harem when populations are low, territories when populations are high


Moose

Mid September to Mid October

Rubs, Wallows

Muted seeking and chasing

Incredible fights when bulls are equally sized

Hunting - find bull and bring in with cow call


Elk

Early September to Early October

Rubs, Wallows

Harem gathering

Herd Bull vs Satellite Bulls

Hunting Pre Rut - find bulls

Hunting Rut - opportunities on periphery of harem


Homework: give the podcast a rating

Episode 009 - Talking About Taxidermy

Special Guest Chip Wendt

   Owner/Operator of Frink’s Run Taxidermy

   Presides over the Ohio Taxidermists Association

   Began hunting on his own at age 12


What is Taxidermy?

   Preserving Animals

   Taxi-moving   dermy-skin

   Skinning, Tanning, Mounting

   Used by hunters, zoos, metroparks, educational facilities


Trophy

   Representation of an animal, memory, experience


Types of mounts

   Shoulder mount - shoulder forward

   Lifesize mount - full body

   Half mount - midsection forward

   European mount - cleaned skull

   Skull caps - top of skull and antlers


Forms

   Pre-sculpted mannequin of animal’s musculature

   Selection

      Placement location

      Animal appearance

      Memory of the hunt

   Habitat

      Base of mount that looks like rocks, grass, leaves, twigs, logs, ect.

      Accentuate but not overpower


Field Care

   Important to quality of mount

      Shot placement

      Weapon of use

      Season

   Don’t drag animals with atv

   Stop cutting hide at rib cage for a shoulder mount

   Time and Temperature

      Cooled promptly

      Take to butcher shop and pick-up quickly

      Freezing is fine but don’t roll up the hide as the hair will insulate the skin

   Keep hide (and meat) dry when possible


Mount Maintenance

   Location

      Keep away from hot windows

      Keep out of natural light (ultra-violet)

      Don’t put mounts near wood burning stoves

      Smoking will damage mounts

   Dusting (can use air compressor)

   Windex on the glass eyes

   Wipe with pledge

   Shampoo for really dirty mounts

   Take to taxidermist


Homework

   Part 1: Find out what taxidermists are in your area.

   Part 2: Send in any and all questions.

Episode 008 - A New Hunter's Journey

Special Guests Jim Stang and Zack Martin

   Zack’s first hunt didn’t produce any deer

   Started seeing deer on subsequent trips with Jim

   No shot opportunity during first year hunting


Changes from year one to year two

   Better gear to stay warm

   Scope on gun

   Scouting and trail camera

   Setting up earlier

   Using calls


Starting Archery

   Compound vs Crossbow

   Much longer season than firearms in Ohio including the rut

   Advantage of going to a good archery shop

   Very good entry level bows available at reasonable cost


Vocabulary

   Henry - firearms manufacturer 

   Ghost Blind - mirrored ground blind used at an angle to show ground cover as

         camouflage

   Walker’s Game Ear - hearing enhancement for hunters

   Handwarmers - small pouch containing chemicals which give off heat when reacting with

         oxygen in the air

   Grunt Tube - deer call imitating male deer

   Bleat Can - deer call imitating female deer

   Rut - mating season for big game animals

   Full Draw - having a bow pulled back and ready to fire

   Shed Hunting - searching for antlers that drop off an animal in winter/spring

   Trail Cameras - motion activated cameras designed to be left outdoors

   Velvet - antler covering containing blood vessels for growth that sheds early Sept.


Homework: Start a hunting journal

Episode 007 - Finding the Time to Hunt

Special Guests Greg Callaghan and Bob Steele

     Greg was unsuccessful until upgrading bow

     Bob started gun hunting on public ground and club his grandfather belonged to


Finding Time to Hunt

     Can be challenging

     Efficiency

     Involve family in when possible 

     Balancing time between kid’s activities (sports) and time in the woods

     Make plans in advance whenever possible.

     Longer hunting trips on hold until kids are older


Time allocation

     Weekend plus 3 days during the rut

     Plan around weather patterns if possible

     Hunt hard because hunting time is limited

     Fall back on gun seasons


Taking Kids Hunting

     Quality gear

     Take some other entertainment

     When they want to be done, the hunt is done

     Practice to make an ethical shot

     Set-up for success, not failure


Vocabulary

     Shed Hunting - searching for antlers that drop off an animal in winter/spring

     Millennium Stand - two person treestand made by Millennium Treestands

     Box Blind - enclosed blind to conceal movement, can be elevated

     Plinking - target shooting, usually will small caliber firearms like a .22

     Rut - mating season for big game animals

     Ethical Range - maximum distance a hunter can shoot to make an ethical shot

     Shooting Lane - a trimmed path from a stand to be able to shoot though

     Hinge Cutting - cutting down a tree but keeping it alive to provide habitat for animals

     Food Plots - crop plantings specifically for wildlife use

     Trail Cameras - motion activated cameras designed to be left outdoors

     Lumenok - brand of lighted arrow nock to aid in seeing arrow flight and recovery


Homework: Start or continue doing prep work for hunting season i.e. scouting, stands, maps, 

shooting practice, etc.

Episode 006 - The Sights and Sounds

Special Guest Noah Harrison

   Began hunting deer during youth seasons

   Invitation to start waterfowl hunting

   Enjoys calling and decoying


Game Animal Vision

   Camouflage

       Very important for waterfowl and turkeys

      Hunter Orange needed for most big game firearms seasons (check regulations)

   Decoying

      Silhouette - two dimensional

      Full body - three dimensional, life like

      Shell - top half of full body decoy

      Realism becoming more important


Game Animal Hearing

   Calling - mimicking animal sounds

      Mating, Fighting, Locator, Confidence

   Calls - Closed Reed, Diaphragms, Friction, Specialized


Antelope 

   Calling not used

   Decoys used situationally, dressing up as decoy


Geese 

   Camo very important, breaking up edge 

   Small decoy spreads early but larger spreads late

   Looking at real geese to know how to set up decoys

   Two goose sounds - cluck and honk

   Read the flocks


White-tailed Deer

   Camo important but not critical for archery seasons

   Antlerless decoys facing away from hunter, buck decoy facing hunter

   Three deer calls - grunt, bleat, and rattling


Mourning Doves

  Calling not used

  Motion decoys very effective


Moose

   Not decoyed often

   Calling used during the rut


Wild Turkey

   Head to toe camouflage *do not wear red, white, or blue*

   Minimize hunter movement

   Be cautious using decoys on public land

   Reaping - effective but must know ALL people using the property

   Friction calls can be weather dependent

   Two turkey sounds - cluck and yelp

   Reading the bird, don’t over call

   Locator calls used to shock gobble but not move the turkey


Squirrels

   Decoys not used

   Calling possible but not necessary

   Camo not critical as squirrels hide more than run


Mule Deer

   Calling and decoy similar to whitetails but they respond less

   Camo more important when trying to get close


Ducks

   Camo same as geese, break up outline

   Using duck and goose decoys together

   Floating decoys weighted to bottom

   Motion decoys for ducks but not geese

   Diving decoys for diving ducks, puddle decoys for puddle ducks

   Two duck sounds - quack and feeding

   Whistle for Wood Ducks and Teal


Elk

   Camo not critical but used in archery

   Decoys not used often, white butt equals white butt

   Two elk sounds - cow call and bugle


Vocabulary

   Slough - low lying area that holds some water

   Running Traffic - hunting flying birds between their roost and feeding area

   Cupped - flying birds cup their wings downward when they commit to landing

   Flare - flying birds change their flight path direction to avoid decoy spreads


Homework - choice between looking up antler scores for your area or practicing a call


Episode 005 - Scoring Antlers and Animal Senses

Scoring big game animals

   What is scoring - measuring antlers or horns to get a representative number relative to other animals of the same species.

   Why measure and score - started as a way to measure habitat. 

   Boone and Crockett Club - https://www.boone-crockett.org/

   Pope and Young Club - https://www.pope-young.org/

   Horns - grown the entire life of the animal

   Antlers - grown every year and then shed

   Pronghorn - horn with sheath

   Scoring Horns - sheep, mountain goats, pronghorn

      Four circumferences (mass) per horn

      length of horns 

      length of prong (pronghorn)

   Scoring Antlers

      A - number of points on each antler (1 inch long)

      B - tip to tip

      C - greatest spread

      *A,B,C are identification only (not included in score)

      D - inside spread (spread not greater than longest main beam)

      E - abnormal points (typical vs non-typical)

      F - main beams

      G - typical tines

      H - four circumferences (mass) per antler except moose


Animal’s sense of smell

   Primary defense of Moose, Pigs, Bears, Elk, Deer

   Birds don’t use sense of smell

   Clean clothes, gear, self

   Playing the wind - staying downwind of animals

   Using thermals - air movement changes based on heating/cooling of air

   Cold air sinks, warm air rises


Homework Assignment - Figure out which conservation organizations are in your area.


Episode 004 - Savoring the Mistakes


Special Guest Aaron Leimeister

   Began hunting as a child

   Learned from and with father

   TV vs real life hunting

   7 years hunting deer before reaching goal


Lessons

   Know where you’re at (read a map correctly).

   Pay attention to the weather.

   Prepare to lessen “buck fever”.

   Have a basic understanding of how to take care of game after being successful.

   Pick the right time to have your pants down.

   Set a goal and stick to the goal.

   Hunting success can only be had on purpose, not by accident.

   Expect the unexpected.


The Saga of Buck 52 

   Learn from the animals you hunt

   Helpfulness of online mentor (Mike P)

   The differences in hunting one specific animal

   Naming animals for convenience

   Animal behavior changes in the presence of danger

   Decoys have four legs, not six

   Foiled by a doe


Vocabulary

   Trolling - method of fishing where lines are set out and the boat moves around the body of water.

   Bowl - (in topography terms) low lying area surrounded by higher ridges or flat land.

   Buck Fever - an adrenaline spike caused by seeing a certain animal (different for everyone) that prevents

                        a hunter from shooting correctly.

   Mallards - (Anas platyrhynchos) a common species of dabbling duck.

   Trail Cameras - motion activated outdoor cameras used to see where game has been.

   Rattle - call made to simulate two bucks fighting.

   Grunt - call made to simulate buck vocalizations.

   Doe Heat - (estrous) when a doe is ready to be bread.

   Deer Score - numerical value attached to antler size.


Homework Assignment

   Find out when Hunter’s Education classes are available in your area.

Episode 003 - Don't Fear the Gear

Clothing

   Hunter Orange for big game firearms hunting, moving targets (upland birds, rabbits)

   Hunting Regulations spell out hunter orange requirements

   Camouflage is very important for Turkeys, Waterfowl

   “Layers Make the System Work”

      Base Layer - moisture wicking

      Mid Layer - insulation

      Outer Layer - durability, waterproof but still breathable

   Material

      Cotton - cheap, lightweight, breaths

      Wool - cheap, retains thermal properties when wet

      Merino Wool - waterproof

      Synthetics - durable

   Fit

      Overlooked but important


Boots

   Comfort vs Support vs Warmth vs Traction

   Thinsulate - the higher gram number, the warmer the boot

   Fit is very important for warmth and blister prevention

   Rubber boots for standing water


Waders

   100% waterproof for water deeper than boots


Gaiters

   Can keep moisture from getting into boots (wet vegetation or snow)

   Snake gaiters are thicker to protect against snake bites


Packs and Vests

   Vests commonly used for Turkey (camouflage) and Wingshooting (orange)

   Meat Packs (load hauling) - metal frame to carry larger weight of butchered game

   Gear Packs (Day Packs) - used to just carry and/or organize gear


Optics

   Binoculars, Spotting Scopes, Rangefinders

   You get what you pay for


Navigation

   Map and Compass

   GPS System

   Cell Phone with GPS App (OnX)


Knives and Saws

   Sharp is Safe, Dull is Dangerous

   Various styles and sizes (folding vs fixed blade)

   Combination Kits 

   Game shears

   Bone/Wood saw

   Sharpener


Miscellaneous 

   Flashlight, First Aid Kit, Wind Checker (for big game)


Homework

   Create Gear List

Episode 002 - Adult Onset Hunters


Special Guest Jim Stang (and Kenton’s dog whining in the background)

   Started with an invitation from neighbor

   Having a place to go was biggest hurdle

   Hunted less when not having success

   Field dressing intimidating but not difficult

   Tons of archery practice


   Started taking a novice hunter out this year

      Wear warm clothes

      Pick up your feet

      “The focus is on the field, not on the phone”


Vocabulary

   Shotgun - firearm that fires many small pellets instead of a single projectile

   Slug barrel - shotgun barrel used to fire a single projectile instead of many pellets

   Muzzleloader - firearm loaded from the muzzle end of the barrel, not the breach end

   Food Plot - vegetation intentionally planted specifically for wildlife food 

   Field Dressing (Gutting) - removing internal organs from animal to allow meat to cool

   Crossbow - archery bow mounted horizontally on a gun stock

   Rut - Mating season for mammals that only mate during a certain time of year

   Ladder Stand - Tree stand mounted at the top of a ladder

   Tracking - (Blood Trailing) following the blood trail after the shot

   Game Cameras - motion activated cameras used to get pictures of animals

   Jake - young male turkey

   Tom - old male turkey

   Turkey Beard - thin, hair-like feathers on the breast of male (sometimes female) turkeys

   Gobbles - male turkey mating call


Homework

   Find and read the online hunting regulations for your hunting area.

Episode 001 - Types of Hunting

Types of Hunting


1. Ambush

   Waiting for game at a specific “spot”

   Most common type of hunting

   Requires patience and scouting

   Used on most game animals except Sheep, Goats, Upland Birds


2. Spot & Stalk

   Finding animals and moving to get within range

   Mainly used in open landscapes

   Requires optics and detailed focus

   Used on Sheep, Goats, Bears, Elk, Moose, Deer, Turkeys, and Squirrels

         *Also used on Pronghorn


3. Still Hunting

   Moving slowly through an area trying to find game

   Used in thicker habitat

   Difficult to do well, requires woodsmanship

   Used on Moose, Elk, Deer, Pigs, Rabbits, Squirrels, Most Upland Birds


4. Driving

   Coordinated effort to move animals towards hunters

   Used in well defined habitats

   Fun and requires teamwork

   Effective on Whitetail Deer, Mule Deer, Rabbits, Upland Birds

   Commonly done with dogs


Vocabulary

   Bedding - sleeping area of mammals

   Roosting - elevated sleeping area of birds

   Decoys - device that looks like an animal used to draw animals to it

   Calling - mimicking animal sounds to draw animals to it’s sound 

   Scouting - finding information to predict animal location (maps, tracks, sightings, ect)

   Camouflage - blending into surroundings (clothing, vegetation, elevation, ect) 

   Tree Stands - elevated platform mounted in a tree to hunt from

   Elk Bugle - matting call made by male elk in the fall

   Turkey Gobble - matting call made by male turkeys in the spring

   Optics (Glass) - optical enhancing devices (binoculars, spotting scopes, ect)

   Woodsmanship - knowledge of what’s happening in the woods


Homework

   Join an online hunting forum (www.hunttalk.com, or a locally based forum)


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